|Cotton, silk, cellulose, etc.
|Synthetic polymer fiber
|Fibers generally used in industrial materials
|While it was used for tents, before because of its high strength, a slight change in size is found due to moisture compared to polyester.
|It has high strength like nylon. However, a slight change in size is found due to moisture compared to polyester.
|Fibers without any moisture absorption. It has a good thermal-insulation property, but is difficult to give noncombustibility.
(Para-aramid fiber, meta-aramid fiber, aromatic polyester fiber, etc.)
|Commercialized as a non-combustible material
|Used for applications requiring fire resistance
|Tex is a unit to show the thickness of a filament (long fiber), indicated by grams per 1,000 m of a filament. Dtex (one tenth of tex) is often used to match denier which had been customarily used.
|Yarn count is a unit to show the thickness of a spun yarn (short fiber). It indicates how long the length grows compared to a certain volume. Therefore, more the yarn count is, thinner the fiber thickness is.
|Denier is unit to show the thickness of a filament (long fiber), indicated by grams per 9,000 m of a filament. This unit had been used customarily, but tex is getting to be used now.
Form of base material
|Various kinds of fabric structures such as plain weave and twill weave are on the market, but the plain weave is a mainstream as industrial materials.
|Raschel knitting is commercialized in the industrial material sector.
|Their strength is weaker than that of fabrics and knitted materials and they are transformed easily, thus not suitable for a canvas or tarpaulin.